College: Sell Side School Ties

We study the impact of social networks on agents’ ability to gather superior information about firms.

Once reliable source of alpha that’s gone post-Reg FD: analysts with ivy league school ties to executives.

Sell Side School Ties: Internet Appendix
The paper “Sell Side School Ties” may be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1095808

Lauren Cohen

Harvard Business School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Andrea Frazzini

AQR Capital Management, LLC

Christopher J. Malloy

Harvard Business School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

April 4, 2016

Abstract:

We study the impact of social networks on agents’ ability to gather superior information about firms.

Exploiting novel data on the educational backgrounds of sell side equity analysts and senior officers of firms, we test the hypothesis that analysts’ school ties to senior officers impart comparative information advantages in the production of analyst research. We find evidence that analysts outperform on their stock recommendations when they have an educational link to the company. A simple portfolio strategy of going long the buy recommendations with school ties and going short buy recommendations without ties earns returns of 6.60% per year. We test whether Regulation FD, targeted at impeding selective disclosure, constrained the use of direct access to senior management. We find a large effect: pre-Reg FD the return premium from school ties was 9.36% per year, while post-Reg FD the return premium is nearly zero and insignificant. In contrast, in an environment that did not change selective disclosure regulation (the UK), the analyst school-tie premium has remained large and significant over the entire sample period.

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